He prefers to interrogate the implications of capitalism, where the workers are used to attain the maximum amount of profit. The workers in Packingtown are regarded as nothing more than machinery and when they are used up they are discarded.
Sinclair opts not to explore the psychology of capitalism; instead, he simply presents a long litany of the ugly effects of capitalism on the world. When socialism is introduced, it is shown to be as good as capitalism is evil; whereas capitalism destroys the many for the benefit of the few, socialism works for the benefit of everyone.
LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Jungle, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. The Dehumanizing Evils of Capitalism The Jungle was written to demonstrate the evils of the capitalist system in America. Sinclair’s The Jungle is a novel that tends to advocate for socialism as a remedy for the evils of capitalism that has dominated a society. Upton Sinclair’s piece was written in , at a time when many European immigrants had migrated to the United States with the hope of . The Jungle Upton Sinclair. BUY SHARE. BUY! Home; Literature Notes; The Jungle But just as The Jungle was seen as an attack on the meatpacking industry, Sinclair's perceived views on capitalism and socialism endured more so than his actual message. Too many people are unable to separate a political system from an economic system.
It is even speculated that a socialist state could fulfill Christian morality. The Immigrant Experience and the Hollowness of the American Dream Because the family that Sinclair uses to represent the struggle of the working class under capitalism is a group of Lithuanian immigrants, the novel is also able to explore the plight of immigrants in America.
Jurgis, Teta Elzbieta, and their family come to America based on the promise of high wages and a happy, good life. From the outset, they maintain an unshakable faith in the American Dream—the idea that hard work and morality will yield material success and happiness.
Instead of a land of acceptance and opportunity, they find a place of prejudice and exploitation; instead of a country where hard work and morality lead to success, they find a place where only moral corruption, crime, and graft enable one to succeed materially. He repeatedly emphasizes that their values of hard work, family togetherness, honesty, and thrift are those of the American reading public.
Corruption As Jurgis and his family members experience harder and harder times in Packingtown, they find themselves surrounded increasingly with signs of immorality and corruption—laws that are not enforced, politicians out for their own gain, salesmen who lie about their wares—a whole community of people trying desperately to get ahead by taking advantage of one another.
At the beginning of the novel, the signs of corruption are slight; a few people neglect to leave money to pay for the wedding feast.
By the end of the novel, however, Jurgis has been a thief, mugger, strikebreaker, and an agent in a political vote-buying scheme. The family itself has been subject to swindles, grafts, manipulation, and rape.
As the corruption motif recurs with increasing levels of immorality, it enhances the sense that things are growing worse and worse for the family.
Jonas disappears, Jurgis abandons the family, and Marija becomes a morphine-addicted prostitute. As the novel progresses, the role of family diminishes as the individual characters become increasingly battered and beaten: But because of the strength of Teta Elzbieta, the character who most directly represents the home and family, the clan is never quite destroyed.
Symbols Symbols are objects, characters, figures, and colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts. Just as the animals at Packingtown are herded into pens, killed with impunity, made to suffer, and given no choice about their fate, so too are the thousands of poor immigrant workers forced to enter the machinery of capitalism, which grinds them down and kills them without giving them any choice.
Waves of animals pass through Packingtown in a constant flow, as thousands of them are slaughtered every day and replaced by more, just as generations of immigrants are ruined by the merciless work and the oppression of capitalism and eventually replaced by new generations of immigrants.
Sinclair uses the cans of rotten and unhealthy meat to represent the essential corruption of capitalism and the hypocrisy of the American Dream. The cans have shiny, attractive surfaces but contain a mass of putrid meat unfit for human consumption.
In the same way, American capitalism presents an attractive face to immigrants, but the America that they find is rotten and corrupt. The title of the novel draws attention specifically to the doctrine of Social Darwinism, an idea used by some nineteenth-century thinkers to justify the abuses of wealthy capitalists.
This idea essentially held that society was designed to reward the strongest, best people, while inferior people were kept down at a suitable level. By relating the story of a group of honest, hardworking immigrants who are destroyed by corruption and evil, Sinclair tries to rebut the idea of Social Darwinism, implying that those who succeed in the capitalist system are not the best of humankind but rather the worst and most corrupt of all.Upton Sinclair's novel 'The Jungle' explores the evils of capitalism in order to promote the cause of socialism.
The labor force is being abused. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Jungle, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
The Dehumanizing Evils of Capitalism The Jungle was written to demonstrate the evils of the capitalist system in America. Themes Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.
Socialism as a Remedy for the Evils of Capitalism. The main theme of The Jungle is the evil of capitalism. Every event, especially in the first twenty-seven chapters of the book, is chosen deliberately to portray a particular failure of capitalism, which is, in . He exposed his view of the injustices of capitalism and the overwhelming effects of poverty among the working class.
The Fictitious Suppression of Upton Sinclair's The Jungle, "A Tribute To Two Sinclairs", Sinclair Lewis & Upton Sinclair; Information about Sinclair and Progressive Journalism today "Writings of Upton Sinclair" from C.
Sinclair’s The Jungle is a novel that tends to advocate for socialism as a remedy for the evils of capitalism that has dominated a society. Upton Sinclair’s piece was written in , at a time when many European immigrants had migrated to the United States with the hope of . Free Essay: Socialism versus Capitalism in The Jungle by Upton Sinclair Even before the beginning of the twentieth century, the debate between socialists and.