Definition[ edit ] The term 'child labour', suggests ILO is best defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.
We can easily recognize the importance of the Child. The above statement has wide scope for interpretation. Child is very important for the development of the society at large. The development of the Nation is exclusively based on the status of the Child. It is also true that this is one of the vulnerable groups in the society.
We can also further add that Children are the Assets of the Nation. Children plays very significant role in the Nation building. All these make obligatory on everyone to protect and provide various safeguards to the children.
It is our prime duty to provide care and protection towards children as they are innocent. For the progress of the community at large we need to pay attention towards education of children.
In reality there are various social evils with children; one of them is Child Labour. The Child Labour system is in existence in developing and underdeveloped counties. As per the information available, India is one of the Countries where in large number of children below the age of 14 years working in various organizations.
If there is no proper distribution of work among the member of the society then children automatically forced to do work for their survival. Unemployment of adult members of the particular family results into Child Labour. In any Country protection of children and young people is of prime importance.
So the responsibility to provide healthy atmosphere to the children to their fullest physical and mental development rests on all the civilized society. As we are a part of the society the responsibility to take reasonable care of the children and young people is on the shoulder of all members of the society.
Finally, it can be said that society at large morally responsible to maintain healthy atmosphere. Child Labour is work that harms children or keeps them from attending school.
The various problems arising in Social, Economic and Political condition is one of the major reasons for growth of this problem. The International Labour Organization estimates that million children between the ages of 5 and 17 currently work under conditions that are considered illegal, hazardous, or extremely exploitative3.
The main prime purpose behind this is to provide effective safeguards to the children all over the globe. The term Child Labour is used for employment of children below a certain age, which is considered illegal by law and custom.
Child Labour is a world phenomenon which is considered exploitative and inhuman by many International Organizations. Child Labour is conventionally defined as a working child between age of who are doing labour or engaged in economical activity either paid or unpaid.
The definition of child as given under Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act of defines child means a person who has not completed his fourteen years of age so by this definition the question of Child Labour is solved.
A number of policy initiatives and programmes have been undertaken in this country over the last decade. The basic object of all is dealing with the problem of rapidly increasing number of child workers.
Indian Constitutional law, The formulation of a new National Child Labour Policy, the enactment of the Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Actthe setting up of a Task Force on Child Labour, the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and other legislations governing problems of Child Labour have all formed a part of this process.
Corresponding initiatives were taken in the related area of education where a New Education policy was formulated which incorporated a separate component for working children. It is the objective of this paper to examine whether the legal framework available in this country can make an impact on the Child Labour situation.An albeit older report published by UNICEF outlines the issues summarized by the ILO report.
The UNICEF report claimed that while 90% of child labour in India is in its rural areas, the availability and quality of schools is decrepit; in rural areas of India.
Child labour issues and challenges. Kalpana Srivastava Author In India, the Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act and Rules state that no child shall be employed or permitted to work in any of the occupations set forth in Part A of the Schedule or in any workshop wherein any of the processes set forth in Part B of the Schedule.
To address the issue of child labour, the United Nations Conventions on the Rights of the Child Act was implemented in Yet due to poverty, lack of education and ignorance, the legal actions were not/are not wholly enforced or accepted in Africa.
Child labour in India; Child migration; Child prostitution; Child slavery; Child soldiers. Child labor is a serious social problem, not only in India but also in other developing benjaminpohle.com law in Indian soil says that any child below age of 14 cannot be employed either in .
CHILD LABOR: ISSUES, CAUSES AND INTERVENTIONS* HCOWP 56 by Faraaz Siddiqi Asia is led by India which has 44 million child laborers, giving it the largest child workforce in the world.
In Pakistan, 10 percent of all workers are between the ages of 10 and 14 years (Weiner ). Nigeria has 12 million child. Causes of Child Labour: In a country like India where over 40 per cent of the population is living in conditions of extreme poverty, child labour is a complex issue.