OCD can be described as a wide range of symptoms that compels a person to act or think in repetitive ways also known as rumination. The person may be afflicted with compulsive thoughts or possessed with fear of contamination by bugs. Others are compelled to make sure that water taps have been properly closed or things are in their correct place.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD is a mental health condition characterized by distressing, intrusive, obsessive thoughts and repetitive, compulsive physical or mental acts. It is a distinct condition but falls within the category of "obsessive-compulsive and related disorders.
The American Psychiatric Association APA state that females are affected at a slightly higher rate than men, and that OCD affects people of all races and socioeconomic backgrounds. Some people with OCD successfully hide their symptoms in fear of embarrassment or stigma. Treatment options include therapy and medication.
Perfectionism and concern about evenness or exactness are obsessions apparent in OCD.
OCD is a mental health condition that centers around a debilitating obsession or compulsion, distressing actions, and Obsessive compulsive disorder case study thoughts.
A World Health Organization WHO mental health report estimated that OCD was among the top 20 causes of illness-related disability worldwide for people aged 15 to 44 years.
The report also suggested that OCD was the fourth most common mental illness after phobiassubstance abuse, and major depression. OCD is associated with a wide range of functional impairments and has a significant impact on social and working life.
Types There are several types of OCD that present in different ways. This is a need to repeatedly check something for harm, leaks, damage, or fire. Checking can include repeatedly monitoring taps, alarms, car doors, house lights, or other appliances.
It can also apply to "checking people. This checking can occur hundreds of times and often for hours, regardless of any commitments the individual may have. Checking can also involve repeatedly confirming the authenticity of memories.
A person with OCD might repeatedly validate letters and e-mails for fear of having made mistakes. There may be a fear of having unintentionally offended the recipient.
Contamination or mental contamination: This occurs when a person with OCD feels a constant and overbearing need to wash and obsesses that objects they touch are contaminated. The fear is that the individual or the object may become contaminated or ill unless repeated cleaning takes place.
It can lead excessive toothbrushing, overcleaning certain rooms in the house, such as the bathroom or kitchen, and avoiding large crowds for fear of contracting germs.
Mental contamination is the feeling of being 'dirty' after being mistreated or put down. In this type of contamination, it is always another person that is responsible. A person with OCD will try to 'scrub away' this feeling by showering and washing excessively.
This is the inability to throw away used or useless possessions. Ruminating involves an extended and unfocused obsessive train of thought that focuses on wide-ranging, broad, and often philosophical topics, such as what happens after death or the beginning of the universe.
The person may seem detached and deep in thought.
However, the ruminating never reaches a satisfactory conclusion. These are often violent, horrific, obsessional thoughts that often involve hurting a loved one violently or sexually.Obsessive-compulsive disorder Case Studies Examples Harry is a year-old man who is a trainee hairdresser in the local benjaminpohle.com has always loved his job and is enthusiastic and eager to learn.
Harry’s obsessive-compulsive trait started when a lady arrived at the salon one day to have her hair styled. Kettl PA, Marks IM.
Neurological factors in obsessive compulsive disorder. Two case reports and a review of the literature. Br J Psychiatry. Sep; – Marks I, O'Sullivan G. Drugs and psychological treatments for agoraphobia/panic and obsessive-compulsive disorders: a review.
Br J Psychiatry. Nov; – This cross-sectional study investigates whether increased hippocampal glutamate levels are associated with adverse clinical outcomes in individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis compared with healthy control individuals, between clinical high-risk individuals who develop and do not develop psychosis, and between individuals with good and poor outcomes.
In a previous article we reviewed a range of treatments that are used to help clients suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
In this edition we showcase the case study of Darcy [fictional name], who worked with a psychologist to address the symptoms and history of her OCD. A year-old woman with subtle paranoia and a history of mood cycling and obsessive preoccupations is brought by her family for treatment.
Only after she is given an antidepressant for her presumed obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) does she begin to have delusional thoughts. Misophonia literally means the hatred of sound.
Symptoms of this condition include a negative emotional response to a particular trigger sound, such as snoring, loud chewing, slurping, or throat clearing, and distancing oneself from the trigger.
Read about misophonia tests and treatment.