BA in interpersonal psychology - Bennington College in
Learning Objective Understand the role of interpersonal needs in the communication process. But if you had to compose an entirely original answer, would Interpersonal needs prove to be a challenge? Perhaps at first this might appear to be a simple task. You have to work and your job required your participation in a meeting, or you care about someone and met him or her for lunch.
Both scenarios make sense on the surface, but we have to consider the why with more depth.
Why that meeting, and why that partner? Why not another job, or a lunch date with someone else? We may also recognize that not all our needs are met by any Interpersonal needs person, job, experience, or context; instead, we diversify our communication interactions in order to meet our needs.
Motivation and personality 2nd ed. Perhaps you saw it in negotiation or international business classes and came to recognize its universal applicability.
We need the resources listed in level one i. If we have met those basic needs, we move to level two: We want to make sure we are safe and that our access to air, food, and water is secure. A job may represent this level of safety at its most basic level.
Regardless of how much satisfaction you may receive from a job well done, a paycheck ultimately represents meeting basic needs for many. Still, for others, sacrifice is part of the job. Can you think of any professions that require individuals to make decisions where the safety of others comes first?
If we feel safe and secure, we are more likely to seek the companionship of others.
Humans tend to form groups naturally, and if basic needs are met, love and belonging occur in level three. You may have known how to do something, but not how it was done at your new place of work. Conflict may have been part of your experience, but if you were lucky, a mentor or coworker took the first step and helped you find your way.
As you came to know what was what and who was who, you learned how to negotiate the landscape and avoid landmines. Your self-esteem level four improved as you perceived a sense of belonging, but still may have lacked the courage to speak up. Over time, you may have learned your job tasks and the strategies for succeeding in your organization.
If one of them came to you with a problem, you would know how to handle it. You are now looked up to by others and by yourself within the role, with your ability to make a difference. Where they look back and see that they once felt at the mercy of others, particularly when they were new, they can now influence and direct aspects of the work environment that were once unavailable.
Beyond self-actualization, Maslow recognizes our innate need to know level six that drives us to grow and learn, explore our environment, or engage in new experiences. We come to appreciate a sense of self that extends beyond our immediate experiences, beyond the function, and into the community and the representational.
We can take in beauty for its own sake, and value aesthetics level seven that we previously ignored or had little time to consider. It may have been just gossip before, but now it is real.
You may feel a sense of uncertainty and be concerned about your status as a valued employee. Do you have reason to worry about losing your job?
Conflict may be more frequent in the workplace, and you may feel compelled to go over your personal budget and reprioritize your spending.For courses in Interpersonal Communication. Emphasize the importance of relating to others. Interpersonal Communication: Relating to Others provides a clear overview of interpersonal communication theory and principles balanced with practical suggestions on how readers can apply these principles to become better communicators.
Authors Steven Beebe, Susan Beebe, and Mark .
Interpersonal Effectiveness Interpersonal Effectiveness Handout: Overview Interpersonal Effectiveness Handout #1: Situations for Interpersonal Effectiveness. The interpersonal underworld. Palo Alto, CA: Science and Behavior Books. According to Schutz, the need for affection Related to the need for appreciation., or appreciation, is basic to all humans.
We all need to be recognized and feel like we belong, but may have differing levels of expectations to meet that need. Expectancy violations theory (EVT) is a theory of communication that analyzes how individuals respond to unanticipated violations of social norms and expectations.
The theory was proposed by Judee K. Burgoon in the late s and continued through the s and s as "nonverbal expectancy violations theory", based on Burgoon's research studying proxemics. ACSS-FAD Please read each item below and indicate to what extent you feel the statement describes you.
Rate each statement using the scale below and indicate your responses on your answer sheet. Interpersonal needs add another unique dimension to who we are and why we do the things we do.
Based on the research of Will Schutz, PhD, the FIRO-B ® .