It notes that as the discussion of the adoption process becomes more open and accepted in American society, and as more Americans have experience with adoption, there is also more attention focused on those involved in adoption-the adopted person, the birth parents, and the adoptive parents often referred to as the adoption triad or, more recently, the adoption constellation. People who have experienced adoption firsthand are coming forward to talk or write about their experiences, and researchers are conducting scientific studies to find out about the impact of adoption on all members of the adoption triad.
Exploring Identity Development in Adopted Adolescents University of Michigan Introduction Identity development for adolescents is a complex and dynamic process. This process can be especially challenging for adopted teenagers due to a muddled self-history, lack of stability in the home environment, and grappling with emotions associated with being adopted.
Adopted teens often struggle with coming to terms with the adoption process. Researchers have argued that identity formation, although challenging, should not necessarily be viewed as pathological Grotevant, Studies have investigated how openness in communication and acknowledgement of differences can impact positive identity development.
However, few studies have looked specifically at interventions designed to increase cultural awareness of both birth family culture and adoptive family culture. With this gap in mind, I aim to answer the following question: I predict the intervention designed specifically to bring awareness to a dual cultural identity will foster positive identity development more so than an intervention focused solely openness about the adoption process.
In this proposal, first I will discuss the theoretical framework and related literature essential to the study. Then I will describe the intervention itself and study methods. Finally, I will provide a brief outline of planned analyses of data associated with the study.
Related Literature and Theoretical Framework For this study it is important to consider literature describing the stages of identity development in conjunction with previous studies done investigating identity development of adopted individuals.
In this section, I define identity and describe the typical identity development process as compared to that of an adopted individual.
Then I will identify the most important aspects of identity for adoptees. Finally, I discuss prior research investigating these important aspects and their effects. Identity development is cyclical, as the individual weaves new life experiences into the grand tapestry of their identity over time, forming a cohesive story that reflects who they are.
The process of identity development in adoptees versus non-adoptees is distinctly different.
Not only must an adopted individual develop a sense of coherence of personality and a sense of continuity over time, an adopted individual must also come to terms with the adoption itself. This can be increasingly important for those individuals that differ from their adopted parents and physical appearance or ethnic or cultural origin Grotevant, Lack of knowledge of biological relatives may cause adopted persons to feel that they are missing a key piece of their personal history, causing the identity development period to become extended into a life-long process.
Concentrating on positive identity development in adopted individuals may provide them with tools to come to terms with crises as they occur and may help them to develop a cohesive narrative. Wierzbicki found adoptive children often have higher levels of maladjustment, externalizing disorders e.
Oppositional Defiant Disorderand academic problems. Participants in this study, however, were largely homogenous in nature, and the sample may not have represented the range of social classes present in the United States today.
In another study investigating adoptive families and development of delinquent behaviors, Anderson and colleagues found that families who acknowledged cultural differences between the adoptee and the adoptive family had the fewest mean delinquent behaviors.
Using covariant analysis to look closely at adoptive families with adopted Korean adolescents, Anderson and colleagues observed a wide range of delinquent behaviors such as truancy, running away, aggravated assault, and homicide among adoptees with an incoherent self-concept.
Results of these studies justify future interventions to support adoptees and their adoptive families in recognizing and discussing the importance of differences between the adoptee and the adopted family.
Some limitations of the study should be considered are.Psychological Issues Faced By Adopted Children And Adults. Allan Schwartz, LCSW, Ph.D.
Eric Erikson, adolescence involves a search for self identity. While this search is difficult for most teenagers, it presents special problems for adoptee.
Assuming they never met their natural parents and family and have no idea of their genetic. Adoption may make normal childhood issues of attachment, loss and self-image even more complex.
Adopted children must come to terms with and integrate both their birth and adoptive families. daydreaming is very common among adopted children who are working through complex identity issues This period of development may be .
Aug 30, · Suddenly she knew why she had so many identity problems in her early teenage years. Most people at some time in their lives have feared rejection or have felt badly about themselves for one reason or another.
Emotional Issues of Adoption. This factsheet addresses these themes, which include loss, the development of identity and self-esteem, interest in genetic information, and managing adoption issues.
the adoption process is fraught with potential problems and concerns. An international adoption must meet the requirements of the state. The ethnic identity of adoptees in Italy was negatively related to perceived discrimination, whereas there was no significant association among the adoptees in the United States.
Apr 13, · A Proposed Study Exploring Identity Development in Adopted Adolescents As a Psychology major, I’ve completed comprehensive research relating to the themes of identity development and adoptee psychology.