The Critical Media Project catalogues more than popular media examples.
T - Z Glossary: Free from errors, mistakes, or distortion. Correct connotes little more than absence of error; accurate implies a positive exercise of one to obtain conformity with fact or truth; exact stresses perfect conformity to fact, truth, or some standard; precise suggests minute accuracy of detail.
Accuracy is an important goal in critical thinking, though it is almost always a matter of degree. It is also important to recognize that making mistakes is an essential part of learning and that it is far better that students make their own mistakes, than that they parrot the thinking of the text or teacher.
It should also be recognized that some distortion usually results whenever we think within a point of view or frame of reference. See perfections of thought. A sentence having two or more possible meanings. Sensitivity to ambiguity and vagueness in writing and speech is essential to good thinking.
A continual effort to be clear and precise in language usage is fundamental to education. Ambiguity is a problem more of sentences than of individual words.
Furthermore, not every sentence that can be construed in more than one way is problematic and deserving of analysis.
Many sentences are clearly intended one way; any other construal is obviously absurd and not meant. For example, "Make me a sandwich.
It is a poor example for teaching genuine insight into critical thinking. For an example of a problematic ambiguity, consider the statement, "Welfare is corrupt. Evidence and considerations relevant to one interpretation may be irrelevant to others.
To break up a whole into its parts, to examine in detail so as to determine the nature of, to look more deeply into an issue or situation. All learning presupposes some analysis of what we are learning, if only by categorizing or labeling things in one way rather than another.
Students should continually be asked to analyze their ideas, claims, experiences, interpretations, judgments, and theories and those they hear and read. See elements of thought. There are two meanings of this word that need to be distinguished: In emphasizing critical thinking, we continually try to get our students to move from the first sense of the word to the second; that is, we try to get them to see the importance of giving reasons to support their views without getting their egos involved in what they are saying.
This is a fundamental problem in human life. To argue in the critical thinking sense is to use logic and reason, and to bring forth facts to support or refute a point. It is done in a spirit of cooperation and good will. A reason or reasons offered for or against something, the offering of such reasons.
This term refers to a discussion in which there is disagreement and suggests the use of logic and the bringing forth of facts to support or refute a point.
To take for granted or to presuppose. Critical thinkers can and do make their assumptions explicit, assess them, and correct them. Assumptions can vary from the mundane to the problematic: I heard a scratch at the door.
I got up to let the cat in. I assumed that only the cat makes that noise, and that he makes it only when he wants to be let in. Someone speaks gruffly to me. I feel guilty and hurt.
Notice that people often equate making assumptions with making false assumptions. In fact, we cannot avoid making assumptions and some are justifiable.The Foundation for Critical Thinking The Thinker’s Guide For Conscientious Citizens on How to Detect Media Bias & Propaganda In National and World News by Dr.
Richard Paul and Dr. Linda Elder Based on thinking, are at the mercy of the news media in their own country.
Berkeley, CA — "Good morning! My remarks center this morning on critical thinking in every domain of knowledge and belief. And my subtext is something like this.
Critical thinking is the ability to think reflectively and independently in order to make thoughtful decisions. By focusing on root-cause issues, critical thinking helps you avoid future problems that can result from your actions.
Sharpen your child’s critical thinking and logical reasoning skills with our collection of fun, free and printable critical thinking worksheets! “The findings suggest that an effective way to hone your critical thinking skills includes having another person to confront your beliefs and challenge your thought process.
Dartmouth Writing Program support materials - including development of argument. Fundamentals of Critical Reading and Effective Writing. Mind Mirror Projects: A Tool for Integrating Critical Thinking into the English Language Classroom (), by Tully, in English Teaching Forum, State Department, Number 1 Critical Thinking Across the Curriculum Project, Metropolitan Community College.